The Act on electromobility and alternative fuels of 11 January 2018 sets out the conditions for the development and rules for the deployment of infrastructure of alternative fuels in transport, as well as the rules for the provision of services for charging electric vehicles and refuelling vehicles powered by natural gas. The Act introduces a number of benefits for drivers of electric cars and hydrogen powered vehicles (including the exemption from excise duty), regulates the alternative fuels market and creates a legal framework for testing autonomous vehicles on public roads.

The Act implements Directive 2014/94 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the development of alternative fuels infrastructure. The Act defines the rules on how to inform consumers about alternative fuels, the way of marking fuel distributors and vehicles as well as the principles of creating and functioning of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Register, providing for a number of benefits for users of electric vehicles. In addition, the Act introduces the obligation for gas distribution system operators to develop a gas station construction programme and also obliges the minister responsible for energy to develop national frameworks for alternative fuels infrastructure development, including an assessment of the existing status and future development of alternative fuels market in the transport sector.

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