Regulation on blockchain in Mongolia
Blockchain technology was invented for bitcoin as its fundamental technology. It is a particular type or subset of so-called distributed ledger technology (“DLT”). The DLT is a way of recording and sharing data across multiple data stores (also known as ledgers), which each have the exact same data records and collectively maintained and controlled by a distributed network of computer servers, which are called nodes.
Expected changes in Kazakh legislation related to the implementation of the blockchain technology
The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan is currently considering a draft law of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On the Introduction of Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Regulation of Digital Technologies' (hereinafter - the 'Draft Law'). The Draft Law provides for changes to a number of regulatory legal acts regarding legal support for the implementation and application of digital technologies in Kazakhstan.
Expected changes in the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on personal data
The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan is considering a draft law of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On the Introduction of Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Regulation of Digital Technologies'
Personal Data Protection in Russia 2020
The publication covers, in particular, the following areas of data protection, including personal data, in Russia: applicable legislation and competent authorities; key principles; individual rights; registration formalities and prior approval; restrictions on international data transfers; big data and analytics; data security and data breach; trends in enforcement and sanctions.
Cybersecurity threats and mitigation practices
Cyberattacks remain an increasing threat across all critical infrastructure sectors in Kazakhstan. Threat to the various industries has increased dramatically along with the sophistication of cyberattacks.
Consent to personal data processing: practice of Roskomnadzor and Russian courts
On 31 July 2018, the Federal Service for Supervision in the area of communications, information technology and mass communications (Roskomnadzor) held a traditional Open Day coincided to the anniversary of adoption of the Federal Law No. 152-FZ 'On Personal Data' ('Personal Data Law').
Compensation is not limited with the damage amount, according to the Turkish competition rules
In Civil Law and Common Law System, the fundamental of the compensation are separated from each other. In Civil Law System, the punishment of person or persons who cause harm and the prevention of similar behaviour are the adopted remark in determining the compensation of competition law. Meanwhile in Common Law, the logic of compensation for damage, adopted comment in the determination of compensation.
Kazakhstan - Data Protection in the Financial Sector
Over the past 25 years Kazakhstan has developed its own financial sector, which is considered to be the most advanced in Central Asia. With the evolution of financial sector and the complexities of key players involved, the need for regulation of dealing with data arose.
Revolution in personal data protection introduced by EU
In May 2016, General Data Protection Regulation was published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Everybody who has an establishment within the EU and process personal data in the context of the activities of such establishment will have to get ready for the new Regulation.
Breaches of personal data law in Russia: Roskomnadzor practice
On 27 July 2017, the Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Communications (Roskomnadzor) held a traditional open day coincided with the date of adoption of the Federal Law No. 152-FZ 'On Personal Data'.
International Comparative Legal Guide to: Data Protection 2017 - Russia
GRATA International Moscow office experts became the contributors of the 2017 edition of The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Data Protection published by Global Legal Group Ltd, London
International Comparative Legal Guide to: Data Protection 2017 - Kazakhstan
GRATA International Kazakhstan office experts became the contributors of the 2017 edition of The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Data Protection published by Global Legal Group Ltd, London