On June 30, 2021, the Government of Mongolia submitted a draft Law on Cyber security and supplementary draft laws to the State Great Khural(or the Parliament). On December 17, 2021 at the plenary session, the State Great Khural approved the draft Law on Cyber security. The law has adopted the first time in Mongolia and has been discussed and developed 7 times over the past decade.
The Parliament of Mongolia (State Great Khural) passed a new Law on Protection of Personal Data on December 17, 2021. The law will become effective from May 1, 2022. The Law on Personal Secrets which was adopted in 1995 provides very general provisions that individuals were to determine and protect their secrets themselves. Compared to this law, the new law is featured that it provides more comprehensive regulation on the Protection of Personal data.
The information herein is based on theoretical and practical information available as of April 2021. The content of this publication is intended for foreign businessmen and companies seeking to do business in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Law of Mongolia on Personal Privacy which approved in 1995 has a general regulation that individuals protect their privacy and determine their confidentiality themselves, therefore it needed an urgent renewal in order to meet requirements of rapidly evolving technology.
As the use of the Internet and online activities have grown to be a major part of our lives, personal data protection becomes fundamental. The data protection legislation, therefore, must evolve along with the technical developments to address emerging issues.
Blockchain technology was invented for bitcoin as its fundamental technology. It is a particular type or subset of so-called distributed ledger technology (“DLT”). The DLT is a way of recording and sharing data across multiple data stores (also known as ledgers), which each have the exact same data records and collectively maintained and controlled by a distributed network of computer servers, which are called nodes.
Expected changes in Kazakh legislation related to the implementation of the blockchain technology
The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan is currently considering a draft law of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On the Introduction of Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Regulation of Digital Technologies' (hereinafter - the 'Draft Law'). The Draft Law provides for changes to a number of regulatory legal acts regarding legal support for the implementation and application of digital technologies in Kazakhstan.
The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan is considering a draft law of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On the Introduction of Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Regulation of Digital Technologies'
The publication covers, in particular, the following areas of data protection, including personal data, in Russia: applicable legislation and competent authorities; key principles; individual rights; registration formalities and prior approval; restrictions on international data transfers; big data and analytics; data security and data breach; trends in enforcement and sanctions.
Cyberattacks remain an increasing threat across all critical infrastructure sectors in Kazakhstan. Threat to the various industries has increased dramatically along with the sophistication of cyberattacks.
On 31 July 2018, the Federal Service for Supervision in the area of communications, information technology and mass communications (Roskomnadzor) held a traditional Open Day coincided to the anniversary of adoption of the Federal Law No. 152-FZ 'On Personal Data' ('Personal Data Law').
In Civil Law and Common Law System, the fundamental of the compensation are separated from each other. In Civil Law System, the punishment of person or persons who cause harm and the prevention of similar behaviour are the adopted remark in determining the compensation of competition law. Meanwhile in Common Law, the logic of compensation for damage, adopted comment in the determination of compensation.