An investment contract in the system of civil law contracts
The present article is devoted to the examination of the legal nature of an investment contract and determination of its place within the system of civil law contracts. It studies the available approaches to understanding the legal essence of an investment contract and its qualifying features suggested and emphasized by various authors.
Is it possible to force a buyer to pay in advance under the contract?
Usually, under the delivery contract, the parties agree on the terms about an advance payment for goods, such provision is aimed at protecting the supplier’s interests. However, the provision about an advance payment has negative impacts for a supplier.
Сentral Bank of Russia established the threshold values for interested party transactions
On 13 May 2017, the Direction of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation No. 4335-U dated 31 March 2017 came into force that establishes the threshold values for transactions of joint stock companies and limited liability companies, in the event of excess of which the transactions the price or book value of the property being the subject matter of which does not exceed 0.1% of the book value of the companies' assets may be deemed interested party transactions.
Distribution contract under Russian law: antitrust restrictions
Russian civil law does not specifically provide such type of agreement such as a distribution contract. The contract, however, has become widely used in commercial practice as an instrument for regulating relations between producers/wholesale suppliers of goods and wholesale purchasers under the general principle of freedom of contract enshrined in Article 421 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the 'Civil Code').
Parallel import remedies: Russia and Kazakhstan
The issue of 'parallel import', i.e. importation and(or) sale in any country of original trademarked goods, which were not put by the exclusive right holder into civil circulation in this country, and remedies applicable by the rightholders, directly relates to the key aspects of regulation of trademark rights such as