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PPP Boom in Kazakhstan
As of 1 October 2019, 610 public-private partnerships agreements worth 1.5 billion tenge (about 3.8 million US dollars) have been executed in Kazakhstan. While PPP remains one of the areas of great interest to both Kazakhstani state authorities and prospective investors, it seems that the Government of Kazakhstan has decided to change its policy in relation to PPPs by shifting focus from quantity to quality of PPP projects to be implemented in Kazakhstan. 
Legal Alert: Tax laws reform of Mongolia
The Government of Mongolia submitted a tax reform to the Parliament in 2018 including revisions to the General Taxation Law (GTL), the Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Law, the Value Added Tax (VAT) Law and Personal Income Tax (PIT) Laws. During the irregular session held on 22 March 2019, the Parliament passed the package of the revised tax laws which will be effective from 01 January, 2020.
Investment in FEZ of Moldova through Project finance
The materials on this booklet have been prepared by Popa & Associates Law Firm, associate office of GRATA International in Moldova, for informational purposes only and are not legal advice or a substitute for legal counsel. This information is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. You should not rely or act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.
01.07.2019
Mediation condition in commercial lawsuits
With the Law published in the Official Gazette dated 19 December 2018 and numbered 30630, mediation was brought as a condition to file a lawsuit for commercial receivables. Within this scope, some provisions of the Turkish Commercial Code (“TCC”) and the Law on Mediation in Civil Disputes (“HUAK”) have been amended.
01.07.2019
Overview of Court Practice Related to the Settlement of Disputes on the Protection of Intellectual Rights
In this article we have tried to analyse the court practice in application of legislation in the realm of intellectual property, particularly in respect to trademarks, trade names and patents.
Would Kazakhstan emerge as a new destination for start-ups?
There is no doubt that Kazakhstan needs new economic drivers to facilitate the launch of innovative new businesses, to disrupt conventional industries and to transform intellectual capital into innovative start-ups.