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哈萨克斯坦的加密货币和数字采矿:阿斯塔纳国际金融中心为中国加密矿工提供的机遇
由于中国政府对比特币计算过程的限制升级为最近于2021年6月实施的严格措施,哈萨克斯坦的加密采矿情况发生了突然变化,哈萨克斯坦的比特币采矿已大幅跃升至全球市场的第三位。
为进一步巩固在全球矿业市场上的优势,哈萨克斯坦已开始行动,在保持对局势的严密控制的同时,在矿业条件上创造相对优势。

在本文中,我们将介绍哈萨克斯坦共和国关于加密货币和数字采矿问题的立法的最新进展,并阐明外国加密矿工在阿斯塔纳国际金融中心(以下简称“AIFC”)注册的机会。
值得注意的是,哈萨克斯坦共和国对加密货币和数字采矿的法律监管仍在制定过程中,本文内容仅基于哈萨克斯坦共和国的最新发展和现行立法。
Kazakh Approach to the Taxation of Foreign Companies Engaged in E-Commerce and E-Services
In January 2022, Kazakhstan introduces the obligation on the VAT payment by foreign companies that are engaged in e-commerce with goods or provide e-services to individuals. The Law, dated 10 December 2020, No. 382-VI supplemented the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘On Taxes and Other Obligatory Payments to the Budget’ (hereinafter - the ‘Tax Code’)’ with a new ‘Section 25. Features of Taxation of Foreign Companies When Engaging in E-Commerce with Goods, Providing E-Services to Individuals’.
Doing Business in Kazakhstan
The brochure provides you with the comprehensive information about the main forms of doing business in Kazakhstan, including a detailed comparison table of such forms, information on the tax structure, bankruptcy, PPP and frequently asked questions for starting and doing business in Kazakhstan.
Legal Alert: Tax laws reform of Mongolia
The Government of Mongolia submitted a tax reform to the Parliament in 2018 including revisions to the General Taxation Law (GTL), the Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Law, the Value Added Tax (VAT) Law and Personal Income Tax (PIT) Laws. During the irregular session held on 22 March 2019, the Parliament passed the package of the revised tax laws which will be effective from 01 January, 2020.
Investment in FEZ of Moldova through Project finance
The materials on this booklet have been prepared by Popa & Associates Law Firm, associate office of GRATA International in Moldova, for informational purposes only and are not legal advice or a substitute for legal counsel. This information is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. You should not rely or act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.
01.07.2019
Mediation condition in commercial lawsuits
With the Law published in the Official Gazette dated 19 December 2018 and numbered 30630, mediation was brought as a condition to file a lawsuit for commercial receivables. Within this scope, some provisions of the Turkish Commercial Code (“TCC”) and the Law on Mediation in Civil Disputes (“HUAK”) have been amended.