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Gas market liberalization in Kazakhstan — what to expect?
The Kazakh gas market continues to be organized on the basis of central command and control, and quasi-monopolistic principles, with KazMunayGas (KMG) as the state owned and vertically integrated oil and gas company dominating gas production, supply and transportation through its direct and indirect subsidiaries.
Anti-crisis Economic plan
On April 24, 2020 Prime Minister of Georgia – Giorgi Gakharia, presented Anti-Crisis Economic plan. Prime Minister reviewed social programs and economic reliefs that the government of Georgia had already implemented. Prime Minister presented the following anti-crisis plan:
Recalibration of public–private partnership policy in Kazakhstan — what to expect?
In 2020, Kazakhstan faces a hurricane in the form of the impact consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the plunge in the price of oil to a 20-year low, including, among others, decreased economic activities, devaluation of the local currency (tenge), reduced foreign direct investments in risky markets and shrinking state budgets.
Doing Business in Kazakhstan
The brochure provides you with the comprehensive information about the main forms of doing business in Kazakhstan, including a detailed comparison table of such forms, information on the tax structure, bankruptcy, PPP and frequently asked questions for starting and doing business in Kazakhstan.
Development of Islamic finance in Kazakhstan: Reality or myth?
Kazakhstan adopted relevant legislation for domestic Islamic banking transaction such as the governed Kazakh law more than ten years ago and established the Astana International Financial Center (AIFC) based on the Dubai International Financial Center’s model three years ago, Islamic finance is still in the early stages of its development and Islamic products are rarely used.
Renewable energy in Kazakhstan – what to expect?
Kazakhstan, at least on the surface, seems to have a strong political will to attract investments in renewable energy projects as demonstrated by its official general policy.
Major Kazakhstan Legislation Changes For 2019
GRATA International banking and finance team is pleased to provide you with a brief summary of the major changes to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2019 that may affect your business
PPP Boom in Kazakhstan
As of 1 October 2019, 610 public-private partnerships agreements worth 1.5 billion tenge (about 3.8 million US dollars) have been executed in Kazakhstan. While PPP remains one of the areas of great interest to both Kazakhstani state authorities and prospective investors, it seems that the Government of Kazakhstan has decided to change its policy in relation to PPPs by shifting focus from quantity to quality of PPP projects to be implemented in Kazakhstan. 
PPP law initial focus of new Uzbek agency
With Uzbekistan announcing that it is establishing a coordinating agency to facilitate planning and implementation of PPPs, the new agency’s focus in its first year will likely be on helping to draft and shepherd passage of a PPP law through the country's Supreme Assembly, according to a legal adviser in Tashkent.
Investment in FEZ of Moldova through Project finance
The materials on this booklet have been prepared by Popa & Associates Law Firm, associate office of GRATA International in Moldova, for informational purposes only and are not legal advice or a substitute for legal counsel. This information is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. You should not rely or act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.
Would Kazakhstan emerge as a new destination for start-ups?
There is no doubt that Kazakhstan needs new economic drivers to facilitate the launch of innovative new businesses, to disrupt conventional industries and to transform intellectual capital into innovative start-ups.
Uncontrolled growth of ‘fake’ PPPs in Kazakhstan — what to expect?
Three local level public–private-partnership (PPP) projects are on the brink of collapse due to the relevant local state body of the Mangistau region failing to meet its obligations under the PPP agreements and to
pay on time to the respective private partners for constructed and operating kindergartens. It was alleged that the money needed for these PPP projects did not appear on the books of the local government in time, even though the respective PPP agreements, evidently, were duly executed and registered.